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Archive for April, 2012

My family and I first tasted lahmajoun at a street fair in New York City. I was probably eight or ten years old. I think it was an Armenian festival in honor of St. Vartan. It fit the formula of some of the best New York street fairs: It honored a saint probably unknown to people outside of the culture in question, and it featured old women making delicious things you should not pass up.

Lahmajoun are incredibly tasty pizza-like creations, so thin you can roll them up when you eat them, preferably piping hot and drizzled with lemon juice. They commonly have lamb, although could be made with other ground meats instead. A vegan version could probably substitute finely-chopped sautéed mushrooms for the meat, although I think the lamb is what makes this recipe particularly tasty.

After we discovered lahmajoun, we went back to the festival in subsequent years to buy stacks of them and keep them in the freezer. But after a few years we stopped going. Maybe the street fair no longer happened. Maybe my parents forgot.

For years the taste of lahmajoun stayed a memory. Then the craving started creeping in as I thought about foods I grew up with and hadn’t tasted in years. I hunted for lahmajoun. I couldn’t find them in Seattle. I ate some in Los Angeles, where there is a sizable Armenian population.

Then I found out I was gluten intolerant. This wasn’t the end of the world, since I try not to eat all that many refined carbohydrates anyway. But I still craved a few foods, lahmajoun among them.

I don’t normally plug products (which means the people who have me on their email lists for product-plugging might as well send me pictures of kittens instead; I’ll pay more attention to those), but I’ve been appreciating Manini’s, the little gluten-free flour company that’s been selling at the U-District farmers market. Their flour behaves pretty much just like pastry flour. Discovering this is probably not the best thing for my health, but does make me happy when I want some perfect pie or to make my grandmother’s hamantaschen recipe.

So I decided to try using a very thin version of the Manini’s pizza dough recipe for a batch of lahmajoun. I consulted a range of different topping recipes and came up with a combination that tasted familiar. It worked perfectly. The result was a Proust-like experience, sending me to a memory-street in Manhattan, where I was eating a freshly-rolled lahmajoun for the first time.

I made these for a friend’s party in December and again for Pi Day. Here’s the recipe.

~

Gluten-free Lahmajoun

  • 1/2 batch Manini’s gluten-free pizza dough recipe
  • 3/4 lb ground lamb (grass-fed)
  • 1 yellow onion
  • a few cloves of garlic
  • 1 small bunch Italian parsley
  • 1 medium bunch fresh mint
  • 1 red bell pepper
  • 2/3 jar of tomato sauce or equivalent homemade tomato sauce or chopped tomatoes. Some people add tomato paste.
  • spices to taste (pretty generous quantities): paprika, cumin, turmeric, allspice
  • a little bit of ground coriander (optional)
  • a little bit of chili pepper (optional)
  • salt
  • olive oil or other favorite cooking fat
  • lemon wedges (Meyer lemon is nice)

1. Prepare pizza dough recipe.

2. While dough is refrigerating, work on the topping. Preheat oven to 425F-450F, depending how hot your oven runs.

3. In a food processor, combine the onion (pre-cut into a few chunks), red pepper (seeded and cut into chunks), garlic cloves, parsley, mint, and optional bit of chili pepper.

4. Heat oil. Add ground lamb and stir. Add salt, spices and tomato sauce or tomatoes, and let it cook at low heat together for a few minutes.

5. Stir in mixture from the food processor. Cook on low heat for about fifteen or twenty minutes or until the flavors have really fused well. Stir as needed to prevent sticking.

6. While the mixture is cooking, roll out your dough. To do make individual sized lahmajoun, about 6-8 inches across, break off chunks of dough about the size of an egg. Roll each into a ball with your hands. Then roll it out on a floured surface as thin as you can without it tearing, usually a little less than 1/8 inch. Place these on baking sheets, dusted with flour or covered with parchment paper.

7. When your topping mixture is ready, spread a thin layer of it on each round of dough. Bake briefly, about ten minutes. You want the dough just barely to cook through, so it’s cooked but still soft enough to roll with slightly crisped edges.

8. Serve hot with lemon wedges and extra chopped parsley.

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I just got off a call with an MBA student from Minnesota who had found me online via some things I’ve written about soda, health, and homemade alternative carbonated beverages. She wanted to interview me about attitudes in Seattle toward new soda products. It turned out she was doing a student project with a Minnesota-based “natural” soda company, and wanted to ask me questions about the Seattle scene for the purposes of marketing here. She was very nice, and she accepted my feedback gracefully.

Instead of advising her on how to promote her product, which I told her I was uncomfortable doing, I asked her a few questions. It turned out the product she’s working on has as much sugar in it as a standard soda, even if it uses cane sugar instead of high fructose corn syrup. I was polite but direct with her, and told her they should come back and try marketing in Seattle when they’ve created a product using no sweeteners or artificial sweeteners at all, and even limited juice. That there’s an untapped market of people who just don’t want to drink sugar. That non-sugary carbonated beverages actually can taste pretty good. (See my experiments with kaffir lime leaf soda and other flavors.)

And frankly, if you go into a Whole Foods or similar store, there are already plenty of way-too-sugary drinks infused with all-natural pomegranate-hemp-goji-açai essence (or, you know, other flavors) trying to trick the diet-craze-conscious but not necessarily informed consumer into slurping simple carbs. Even from a business perspective, health egregiousness aside, that market is over-saturated.

Fighting “Big Soda” is an obvious primary goal, since the larger beverage industry has lobbying/donor/marketing dollars in play, their products contain the worst of everything, and their products often target children and people with limited finances or access to healthy food. But what about Little Soda? One concern is that if more health-conscious consumers drink sweetwashed sodas, they may be less likely to get behind the idea that all liquid sugary drinks are unhealthy, and we might lose potential advocates and allies.

But sweetwashing isn’t just from small companies. Another — much bigger — concern is that many of the perceived smaller soda companies are actually owned by larger Big Soda type companies that make energy drinks and other sodas, the companies on whose behalf the American Beverage Association lobbies. These companies may see owning small brands as a way to expand their market and distract from their detrimental role in public health. Seen Izze Soda around your “natural foods” supermarket? It’s owned by Pepsi. (I wrote four years ago about how Naked Juice is owned by Pepsi.)* Hansen’s is owned by Monster.

There are really some small companies out there making products they genuinely want to be healthful and taste good. It seems unlikely but possible to convince some of the starting companies to counter the liquid sugar trend by coming up with truly unsweetened, low-carb, additive-free beverages. And if so, Little Soda might actually prove helpful. But I’m skeptical.

~

*With apologies, the above link may not work after June, as Apple throws out all the old MobileMe websites made with iWeb. Any web developers out there who want to help me rescue my several years of blog entries and their comments on that old site?

Credit to Judy for the Creative Commons photo.

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This is my new favorite thing.

I already harvested nettles once this spring, and stocked my freezer with this year’s batch of addictive nettle pesto. But this recipe has me wanting to go back out this week for more nettles and freeze them blanched and ready for future batches of nettle saag paneer. The time to harvest nettles is NOW, while they’re still young. I go for the short ones, about eight inches or shorter.

Saag paneer, also called Palak Paneer is an Indian dish of mildly-spiced, creamed, puréed spinach with cubes of paneer cheese, which is firm and mild.

Full credit for the idea of nettle saag paneer goes to my brilliant friend Karyn, who came up with it while we were out harvesting nettles. She also made a batch, and made her own paneer, a step I skipped in favor of some paneer from Appel Farms. [Note to Karyn: I just noticed that name!] It turns out nettles make amazing saag paneer. They have a darker, richer flavor than spinach, and I think the dish tastes more interesting with them.

There are all kinds of ways to spice saag paneer; use the approximations I give below, or find your own recipe online.

~

Nettle Saag Paneer (Nettle Palak Paneer)

Serves 2-3

  • About 2 cups of nettles, measured after blanching. I’d guess this is somewhere between a quarter and a half a pound.
  • Water for blanching
  • Gloves or tongs
  • Half a pound of paneer cheese, bought or homemade
  • One medium onion
  • Five cloves of garlic or to taste
  • Cream – about a half pint or to taste/consistency preference
  • Fresh ginger
  • Whole cumin seeds
  • Garam masala
  • Ground coriander
  • Ground or fresh turmeric
  • Salt
  • Ghee, butter, or your preferred cooking fat
  • Fresh cilantro or sorrel for garnish (optional — I found some nice sorrel in my yard)
  • Rice or riced cauliflower for serving (optional)

1. Harvest nettles carefully or buy them from a forager. They sting, of course, so either wear gardening gloves or gather them with a scissors or tongs. Some people swear by tricks for grasping them just so they don’t sting. I have no patience for that, but props to them if it works for them.

2. Heat a pot of water to boiling. Using gloves or tongs, put the washed nettles into the water just long enough to wilt. Remove immediately with tongs. You can save the water and use as a broth or tea. Let the nettles cool a bit and then run them through a food processor briefly, just for a few pulses. Leave them in there.

3. Cut up half a pound of paneer into cubes or rectangles. Dust with turmeric, coriander, and a bit of salt. In a large frying pan, preferably something thick like cast iron, heat ghee or other fat. Fry the paneer, turning the pieces side to side so they get golden-brown. Take them out of the pan and set aside.

4. Add more ghee/other fat to the pan, leaving bits of spice residue from the paneer in it. Add the cumin seeds, wait a few seconds, and then add the onions and garlic and stir. Cook slowly on medium heat until the onions soften fully and start to brown a very little bit.

5. Take the garlic and onion mixture out of the pan and add it to the food processor. Pulse again a few times.

6. Add the whole mixture from the food processor back into the pan and set to medium heat. Slowly add cream until the consistency is somewhat liquidy but also thick. The mixture should bubble  lightly but not boil. Add spices to taste, including plenty of fresh ginger grated in. Adjust salt. I tend to like the flavor heavy on the garam masala and ginger.

7. When the flavor is right, add the paneer back in, stir, and let it simmer a few moments. Serve, with optional rice or riced cauliflower, and with garnish of cilantro or sorrel.

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Edit: I assume everyone figured out this is an April Fool’s Day post. I’ll leave it up for posterity. Enjoy your Xanaxparagus!

The House of Representatives and Senate have both passed a new piece of legislation concerning the intersection of agriculture and pharmaceuticals. A group of members of the House and Senate agriculture and drug industry committees met in secret earlier in the week to draft the bill. The omnibus bill replaces the existing Farm Bill, which was up for reauthorization this year.

While activists have long critiqued previous iterations of the Farm Bill for things like subsidizing corn and other commodity crops linked to diseases of civilization, and not going far enough enough to support sustainable farmers or people experiencing food insecurity, the new legislation is likely to raise ire. But it might be worth a second look.

The controversy is sprouting because the Pharm Bill approaches food from a medical –– or really pharmaceutical –– perspective. Under the bill –– and under the watch of new so-called “adrugcultural” corporations –– growers will receive subsidies for partnering with drug companies to genetically modify their crops to include commonly-prescribed medications. This means next year’s markets could bring us products such as Xanaxparagus, Amoxicelery, Priloseckle Pears, Broccodin, Lipitorpedo Onions, Cialeriac, Lexasprouts, Ibuprofennel, Viagrapes, and more.

Unsurprisingly to many activists, giant agricultural biotech corporation Monsanto is involved, partnering with Pfizer to develop and offer a fertilizer called Fertilepfizer to all participating farms. Fertilepfizer is available for free the first year. Although if it’s not paid for after that, it self-destructs, taking the nutrients of surrounding soil with it. Any farmer with traces of Fertilepfizer on his or her field must pay for it.

Many of my fellow local and sustainable food advocates have already responded with alarm to news of the Pharm Bill. But, despite my concerns about the Fertilepfizer component, I worry they may be reacting too hastily. Americans, after all, need their prescription drugs. Now Americans can get their medications –– organic, of course –– sourced from within 100 miles of home. Besides, we all know Americans don’t eat enough fruits and vegetables. This might be a way to get people to eat their amphetagreens. To make lemonade out of lemons. Or to make something out of lemons; citrus fruits haven’t been modified in experiments yet, so we don’t know what. Maybe Ritalemonade.

Seriously, though. For those trying to remember to take Vicodin with dinner, why not just take Vicodinner? For those taking birth control pills, what if they came in the form of peas: seven per pod, four pods per month? Wouldn’t that be easier to remember? And couldn’t this bring down costs of prescription drugs, something of concerns to Americans across all party lines?

I don’t know all the details yet about other parts of the Pharm Bill; it’s 31,242,366,889,463.4 pages long, after all.

And not everyone is so optimistic about the changes. Some farmers are reacting to the news as an opportunity to increase revenue. Others are pledging to fight back. Still others are already reeling from the news with despair, showing signs of depression, anxiety and hopelessness. Not wanting to abandon them in such a condition, the new adrugcultural companies are promising they have a pill –– or a bean –– that will help.

To read the full text of the 2012 Pharm Bill, go here.

(Thanks to Danyel and Sandra for additional research on this issue.)

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